However, there does exist a different approach for ensuring the reliable performance of machine-learned (‘AI’) components for a new generation of flight control instruments: demonstrating Machine Learning Generalization and quantifying so-called “Domain Gaps”.
We unwrapped this complicated question earlier in this blog post. This 8-minute video provides a synopsis of the concepts for anyone who has a basic understanding of high school-level math.
00:19 How DO-178 works for the classical software systems in aviation
01:00 What is that 'AI' you speak of
03:44 Certainty and uncertainty
04:56 Traceability: Beware of what you wish for
06:16 How to design a system with a component working with uncertainty
06:56 Will it work 'in vivo' as well as it worked 'in vitro'?